International conference




Lisbon, 17-19 May 2006, Auditório Afonso de Barros







This workshop is meant to be a forum open to both academics and practitioners in the field of anti-corruption/fraud in Europe (and abroad), where first-hand experiences and knowledge of the role, powers and activities of anti-corruption agencies can be exchanged with a view to further integrated initiatives and policy research.






One distinctive feature of the anti-corruption activity of the 90s is the level of regulatory and institutional innovation achieved. In addition to the role played by the traditional anti-corruption actors, we also witnessed the rise of new players, such as the anti-corruption agencies. The format of these agencies and their success in keeping up with new forms of corruption vary greatly from one country to another. But there is also a good deal of institutional mimetism. On the one hand, the creation of these agencies was the product of specific patterns of legal-institutional development and reactions to emerging challenges. Each agency is, in that respect, one of a kind. Some countries have endowed their agencies with investigative and prosecution powers, whereas others have preferred a more preventive, educational and informative role. There are also differences with regard to their scope of action, resources, accountability requirements, etc. On the other hand, there has also been a convergence in the type of agency adopted. It may be improper to use the word model, but at least we could say that, since the late 1980s, we have witnessed an increasing cross-country transfer of knowledge about the format of these bodies. Knowledge of the successes and failures of foreign experiences and the importation of models already tested abroad is an important feature of this policy process. Independently of their format and competences, ACAs encounter various constraints to their mandate, which explains the meagre results obtained by some of them: 1) difficulties in unveiling corruption via complaints (technical, statutory and cultural); 2) difficulties in obtaining information about corruption and its opportunity structures from other state bodies/agencies and 3) difficulties in establishing a good working relationship with the political sphere. There is also a discrepancy between expected results and achievable ones that should not be ignored. Certain ACAs remain unknown to the wider public and do not anchor their anti-corruption/fraud role in civil society. This is partly due to their format and partly to a lack of understanding of the centrality of citizens to the whole process of control, given the obscure nature of these transactions. On the one hand, this workshop is meant to assess ways of increasing citizens’ involvement in reporting corrupt and fraudulent practices/conduct and the opportunity structures conducive to that deviant behaviour and, on the other, ways of promoting greater awareness of what the Community’s financial interests are and how and why they need to be protected.






Luís Sousa (CIES-ISCTE)

e-mail: [email protected]




Carla Salema (Secretariat)

e-mail: [email protected]


Ana Ferreira (Secretariat)

e-mail: [email protected]


João Triães (Research Assistant)

e-mail: [email protected]


Vera Henriques (Assistant)

e-mail: [email protected]


Tiago Lapa (Assistant)

e-mail: [email protected]




Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia (CIES-ISCTE)



Hercule Grant Programme, European Antifraud Office (OLAF)



The Australian National University (ANU)



Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, FCT e Público



Heads of European Anti-Corruption Agencies (EU Member States, Candidate Countries and Associated Countries), foreign ACA officials, international organization officials, NGO representatives and academics




CIES – Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia

Av. Forças Armadas - ISCTE

1649-026 Lisboa - Portugal


Tel.: 217 903 077

217 941 404

Fax: 217 940 074

E-mail: [email protected]